In this post, we shall look into the functions of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU). At the end of this lesson, students should be able to state these functions.
The African Union (AU) was founded on July 26, 2001, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It was established as a replacement of the defunct Organization of African Unity (OAU) to promote unity, cooperation, and development among African countries.
Functions of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU)
- Highest Decision-Making Organ: The Assembly of Heads of State and Government serves as the highest decision-making body within the AU. It deliberates on issues of common interest and importance to member states.
- Coordination of General Policies: The Assembly plays a crucial role in coordinating and harmonizing the general policies of the African Union. This ensures that member states align their actions and efforts towards shared goals and objectives.
- Appointment of Important Officers: The Assembly appoints key officials of the organization, including the Secretary-General. This helps in ensuring efficient and effective leadership at the helm of the AU.
- Establishment of Specialized Commissions: The Assembly has the authority to establish specialized commissions to address specific issues and challenges faced by African countries. These commissions focus on various sectors like economic development, health, peace, and security.
- Examination and Review of Organizational Structure: The Assembly periodically examines and reviews the structure, composition, and functions of all other organs and specialized agencies of the African Union. This allows for continuous improvement and adaptation to changing needs.
- Consideration of Reports from the Secretariat: The Assembly considers reports submitted by the AU Secretariat. These reports provide updates on the organization’s activities, challenges, and achievements.
- Appointment of Adhoc Committees for Dispute Settlement: In case of disputes between member states, the Assembly can appoint adhoc committees to facilitate dispute settlement and conflict resolution.
- Admission of New Members: The Assembly decides on the admission of new member states to the African Union. This process involves evaluating the country’s readiness and commitment to uphold the AU’s principles.
- Approval of Charter Amendments: Proposals for amendments to the AU Charter are presented to the Assembly for consideration and approval. Charter amendments are essential for updating the organization’s guiding principles and regulations.
- Approval of Regulations Governing Administrative Staff: The Assembly approves the regulations governing the functions and conditions of service for the Administrative Secretary-General, assistants, and other staff. This ensures proper management and accountability within the organization.