The Entrepreneur as a Factor of Production

An entrepreneur is a crucial factor of production in the economic system, and they play a central role in the process of wealth creation.


In this post, we shall look briefly into who an entrepreneur is, their functions and importance. At the end of this lesson, students should be able to:

  • explain who an entrepreneur is;
  • enumerate the functions of an entrepreneur; and
  • tell the importance of an entrepreneur.

Who is an Entrepreneur?

An entrepreneur is a crucial factor of production in the economic system, and they play a central role in the process of wealth creation. They are individuals who take the initiative to start new ventures, identify opportunities, and organize and coordinate resources to achieve productive purposes.

Image CreditAnnie Spratt on Unsplash

Functions of the Entrepreneur

The following are the functions of the entrepreneur:

  1. Risk Bearing: Entrepreneurs are willing to take risks and uncertainties associated with business ventures. They invest their time, effort, and capital in new ventures with the expectation of earning profits but also accept the possibility of losses.
  2. Decision Making: Entrepreneurs are responsible for making critical decisions related to their business operations. They must analyze market trends, assess opportunities and risks, and make strategic choices to achieve their objectives.
  3. Coordination of Factors of Production: Entrepreneurs bring together and coordinate various factors of production, such as land, labor, and capital, to create goods and services. They ensure that these factors work together efficiently to achieve optimal productivity.
  4. Efficient Management: Entrepreneurs are responsible for managing resources effectively to achieve business objectives. They allocate resources, establish workflows, and implement strategies to ensure smooth and productive operations.
  5. Organization of Research: Entrepreneurs often conduct market research and analysis to identify consumer needs and preferences. They use this research to develop new products or improve existing ones to meet market demands effectively.
  6. Provision of Capital: Entrepreneurs invest their own capital or secure funding from external sources to finance their business ventures. This capital is crucial for acquiring resources, technology, and human talent required for production.
  7. Maintaining Good Communication: Entrepreneurs maintain effective communication with stakeholders, including employees, customers, suppliers, and investors. Good communication fosters collaboration, builds relationships, and ensures a clear understanding of business goals.
See also  Liquidation and Merger

Importance of Entrepreneurs

  1. Entrepreneurs are the driving force behind economic growth and innovation.
  2. They create job opportunities and contribute to reducing unemployment rates.
  3. Entrepreneurs promote competition, leading to improved products and services for consumers.
  4. They bring new ideas to the market, fostering technological advancements and societal progress.
  5. Entrepreneurship contributes to the diversification of industries and economies.


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